Prejudice Takes Many Forms


Fueled by Superstition, People Are Violently Attacking Albinos in Tanzania

By Samuel Oakford originally posted at Vice.com

 fueled-by-superstition-people-are-violently-attacking-albinos-in-tanzania-1409177333

 

August 27, 2014 | 6:15 pm

In the past month, a spate of violent attacks in Tanzania targeting people with albinism for their body parts has highlighted a morbid practice linked to witchcraft.

People with albinism, also known as albinos, are born with a deficiency of melanin pigmentation. Those with a complete lack of pigmentation have extremely pale skin and hair, and their eyes are typically a light shade of blue. The condition generally results from recessive genes carried by parents. Albinism in Africa brings with it an increased chance of developing fatal skin cancer, and the lack of pigment to protect eyes against the bright sun can cause sight problems.

Africans with the condition can suffer alienating social stigma in communities where their neighbors and relatives believe them to be ghosts, cursed, or intellectually incapacitated. In some regions, they face a near-constant threat of violence.

UN officials and rights groups reported at least five assaults on albinos that occurred in Tanzania in less than two weeks in August.

On August 5, three men armed with machetes hacked a 15-year-old girl’s right arm off below the elbow in the western region of Tabora. Her family was threatened with death and could not scream for help. Later that day, the assailants targeted her uncle, who also has albinism, though he was able to escape.

The three men were eventually arrested, including a local witch doctor who informed authorities that they had amputated her arm because buyers were willing to pay as much as $600 dollars for it.

On August 14, the mutilated body of a young albino man was found lying in a swampy area in the outskirts of Dar es Salam. Pictures of the victim shared on social media showed that a large patch of skin had been excised from his torso and a hole bored into his abdomen.

Two days later, a pair of men attacked a 35-year-old woman with albinism in a small village in Tabora. They killed her husband for attempting to defend her before severing the lower portion of her left arm and fleeing.

‘The stigma and discrimination is mind-boggling.’

Though these acts of mutilation are widely abhorred and spiritual practices in the region vary greatly, in isolated areas with little access to medical information it is still believed that the body parts of people with albinism can impart mystical or magical benefits.

“In sub-Saharan Africa there’s a significant belief in witchcraft, which often involves the use of body parts,” Peter Ash, who heads the albinism-rights group Under the Same Sun, told VICE News. “That’s been the case in the region for a long time, well before colonization. It’s part of a deep-seated cultural, historical, and spiritual practice.”

In parts of the Great Lakes region of eastern Africa, UN officials have seen reports of gold miners using amulets made of the bones of albinos to enhance their luck, and of fishermen weaving their hair into nets to ensure a large catch.

Since 1998, Under the Same Sun has documented 332 attacks on people with albinism in 24 African countries, including 147 in Tanzania alone. Ash said that the reported figures are only a fraction of the assaults actually taking place across the continent. Most incidents occur in rural areas, where they sometimes go unreported and are rarely investigated.

In many parts of Africa, albinism occurs at higher rates than in much of the world. In Tanzania, one in 1,400 people have the disorder — roughly 35,000 people nationwide. Globally, the rate is generally one in 20,000.

With limbs regularly selling for hundreds of dollars and entire bodies reportedly costing up to $75,000 in a country where the median annual income is less than $600, there is a widespread assumption in Tanzania and elsewhere in Africa that members of the business and political elite are behind the demand. A rise in attacks has been documented in several countries ahead of elections, when candidates have reportedly employed witch doctors to increase their likelihood of victory.

“Witch doctors have long been influential in many communities, but now they’re trying to make a buck, rather than just being elder and respected practitioners,” Ash said. “Now they’re entrepreneurs.”

‘They are rejected by their families and communities, they don’t have access to health services or education. It’s a vicious cycle of discrimination and poverty.’

Though Tanzania — where 93 percent of Christians and Muslims say they believe in witchcraft, according to a 2010 Pew Research report — is often portrayed as the epicenter of this grisly phenomenon, much of that perception stems from the presence in the country of non-governmental organizations like Under the Same Sun, which has an office with 20 employees who can be dispatched to document crimes.

After a 2008 BBC report on the Tanzanian trade in body parts horrified the international community, activists began paying closer attention to the plight of albinos in the country. But while closer observation has seen a greater reporting of incidents in Tanzania, the same cannot be said of the rest of Africa, where freedom of the press is weak and rates of violence against albinos remains for the most part unknown.

Because neighbors and relatives are often involved in attacks on people with albinism, police face obstacles even when they are willing to investigate. Families often bury deceased albino relatives in unmarked graves out of fear that their body parts will be harvested even in death.

Amid the increase in attacks over recent years, Tanzania’s government has increasingly housed children with albinism in schools created for children with disabilities — an ostensibly protective measure that has lately prompted concerns of segregation.

“When it was proposed, it was an emergency measure, but it has now become a long-term solution,” Alicia Londono, a UN human rights official who recently returned from a visit to the country, told VICE News. “The conditions are very bad. Many of the children already have the early stages of skin cancer, and the staff is not trained to treat this disease.”

More than half of these schools now house albino children. Londono described them as “dumping places” where families leave unwanted progeny, and noted that children in these facilities face a risk of sexual and physical abuse.

“They are rejected by their families and communities, they don’t have access to health services or education,” she said. “It’s a vicious cycle of discrimination and poverty.”

Ikponwosa Ero, a researcher from Nigeria who has albinism and works with Under the Same Sun, told VICE News that everyday life for children with the condition is immensely difficult.

“The stigma and discrimination is mind-boggling,” she said. “Aside from physical attacks, the suffering that happens is beyond comprehension. The ejection from school, rejection from society. I wasn’t allowed to step outside at night without a relative, and I was always aware that attacks by ritualists was a possibility.”

Activists and UN officials believe that efforts to educate the public about albinism will help abate attacks on albinos and ensure that they have greater access to services and support — but Londono noted that it won’t be easy.

“Everyone from authorities who I met to the driver of my taxi referred to beliefs that are attached to the condition, that they are subhuman beings,” she said.

Follow Samuel Oakford on Twitter: @samueloakford

 

bjwordpressdivider

 

 

The Human Family has degenerated to the point where education  has crumbled, and all over the world superstition and bigotry, meanness and paranoia, are what has replaced a good education for many people.

 

This story is horrifying because these children already have a serious health condition, and it leads them to develop melanoma because they live in Africa and their lack of coloring cannot adequately protect them.  That is the problem these children should have, but because of bigotry and superstition, fueled by ignorance, they are being hunted down and cannot live with their own families.  These children are aware of  other children who have the same physical condition who have been murdered for no other reason than that they are different.

 

All around the world, prejudice is growing and spreading like the deadly disease it is, but it is not spreading through the exchange of fluids or a bug bite — it is spreading because we ae not teaching our children tolerance and understanding.  We are teaching hatred and lies instead.

 

What are you doing to stop the spread?  Are you speaking up against bigotry?  Are you speaking up for education?  Act out and teach the people around you that Hate Is Not The Way.

 

 

not even death


IdealisticRebel:

Wonderful. This is

Originally posted on Tell me about it:

Art by MichelleMarie

Art by MichelleMarie

not even death
can make you nice
not even death
can take away the sting
not ever death
erases the memories
of your words
that fell like
a sledgehammer on my soul
not even death
can make you nice
not even

View original

Clouds of hummingbird

Featured Image -- 15163

IdealisticRebel:

Great poem.

Originally posted on Peace, love and patchouli:

Movement

quick

sharp

zooming in and out

like tiny airplane bombers

in pursuit

my nectar

back off

zoom zoom.

I look up to see where it is they go

and the clouds are moving fast

front coming

storm soon

like a large white hummingbird

tongue extended

to sup on the nectar

of the approaching weather

fast

zipping by

quick movement

here comes the showers

boom and the cloud is gone

so very fast

too quick for the eye

absorbed into the dark of the moment

that devoured all of the sweetness

of a summer eve.

thoughts on storm clouds fast-moving and the daily hummingbird dive bombings that happen so very quick.

View original

ISIS Indoctrination Camp Forces Children to Watch Crucifixion of Men, Stoning of Women, etc.


Originally posted on PUMABydesign001's Blog:

We have heard the news, observed videos but nothing compares to hearing it from a child who witnessed the horror of ISIS during his stay in an ISIS children’s camp.

The teenager, named Mohammed reveals that while forced to attend a terror camp in Syria at the age of 13, he and boys younger than him how children were to swear an allegiance to ISIS leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

DailyMail.co.uk

Under supervision by militants, he was taught the Quran, trained in the use of weapons and forced to watch men being crucified and women stoned to death….

‘When we go to the mosque, they order us to come the next day at a specific time and place to [watch] heads cut off, lashings or stonings,’ he told CNN.

‘We saw a young man who did not fast for Ramadan, so they crucified him for three days, and we saw…

View original 96 more words

British mother in her 40s suspected of joining the Islamic State and warns that she will behead Christians with a ‘blunt knife’

Featured Image -- 15152

Originally posted on Metro:

Sally Jones fronted an all-girl rock bank in the 90s (Picture: Youtube)

Sally Jones fronted an all-girl rock bank in the 90s (Picture: Youtube)

A British mother who once sang in an all girl-rock band may have converted to Islam and be threatening to behead Christians with a ‘blunt knife’, it has been revealed.

Investigators have revealed the British woman who travelled to the middle eastern country after marrying a known British jihadist may be Sally Jones, from Chatham in Kent.

Jones, believed to be in her 40s, married British hacker-turned-extremist Junaid Hussain and converted to Islam, before the two were believed to have travelled to Syria separately where she has been making her threats via Twitter.

Changing her name to Umm Hussain al-Britani, the mother of two allegedly tweeted messages of hate such as: ‘You Christians all need beheading with a nice blunt knife and stuck on the railings at raqqa … Come here I’ll do it for you!’

A British mother-of-two who once fronted an all-girl rock band is believed to have made it to Syria where she is threatening to behead Christians with a blunt knife. Investigations have revealed the real name of a Muslim convert who calls herself Umm Hussain al-Britani may be Sally Jones, from Chatham in Kent. Sally Jones is believed to be…

View original 57 more words

Clouds over Finland

Featured Image -- 15150

IdealisticRebel:

Fantastic. Hugs, Barbara

Originally posted on The Mirror Obscura:

Clouds over Finland

A taste is not bitter because it is not sweet,
The thought circulates in weathers inside of me.
I cannot notice what is not seen,
Though I might dream them now and then,
Venice slow to sink on marshy footings,
Women who weep blades of grass yet sing
Of populations alive in deserts
Marking what they can of their civilizations.

I stumble in the early hours,
Strange pieces of sleep float on the floor,
The tide of day swells with distant storm,
I am not all I was before I awoke.

What can I regain in minutes, hours
To set me to pleasing the sun, a worship of light,
A fear of the darkness, a flight from reason
Will not let me be what I am at this moment,
A tragedy personified in a wilt of flowers
Lost places in books by my bedside
Where I read…

View original 71 more words